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Territory

The territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan consists of 86,6 thousand km2 (11,5% of forests, 1,6% of the water  basin, 50,0% of planted lands, and also 27,0% of rooms and 36,9% of other lands).

The country is located at the latitude of 39 ° 24 ', 41 ° 54' North and at the longitude of 44 ° 46 ', 50 ° 45' East and the capital, Baku locates on the  40° parallel.

The neighbouring countries are Iran to the south (765km), Russia to the north (390km), Turkey to the west (15km), Georgia to the northwest (480km) and Armenia to the west (1007km).

The Coastline length is 713 km, distance from Baku to North Pole is 5500 km, to the equator  4400 km.

The largest lakes

Km2

The largest islands

Km2

The biggest rivers

km

Sarısu

67.0

Pirallahı

14.4

Kur

1515

Aghgol

56.2

Chilov

11.5

Araz

1072

Aghzibirchala

37.0

Khara-Zira

3.5

Alazan (Qanıkh)

413

Mehman

35.0

Boyuk-Zira

1.4

İori (Qanıkh)

389

Boyukshor

9.2

   

Samur

216

Hacıqabul

8.4

   

Tartar

200

The world's largest lake – Caspian sea, area 400000 km2, max.depth - 1025 m.
 

The highest point- Bazarduzu (mountain) - 4466 m.

                                          Administrative divisions of Azerbaijan

The Republic of Azerbaijan is administratively divided into the following subdivisions:

65 districts, 13 cities, 130 urban-type settlements and 4354 rural settlements.

Note: The population is mainly given by January 1, 2009

 

Territory (thousand km2)

Population (thousand people)

 

Baku city

2,13

2039,7

The capital of Azerbaijan.
It is divided into 11 administrative districts: Binakadi, Azizbayov, Khatai, Qaradağ, Narimanov, Nasimi, Nizami, Sabunçu, Sabail, Suraxanı, Yasamal. It is the center of industrial, scientific and cultural center. The basis of state economy is oil and gas sector, mechanical engineering, light industry, food industry, construction, communication, transport etc.

Absheron district

1,36

189,4

The basis of the economy is food industry, suburban, mainly, irrigated agriculture (vegetable growing, viticulture etc), livestock breeding. Southern fruits (pistachios, almonds, olives etc) and valuable saffron are grown mainly in Absheron region. Oil and gas extraction in the area is widespread.

Aghdam region

1,15

174,6

The basis of its economy is the light and food industry, as well as agriculture – cotton growing, grain growing, viticulture, cattle breeding and sericulture. On July 23,1993, the most parts of region's center and territory were occupied by Armenians.

Aghdash region

1,05

98,3

The basis of its economy is agriculture, light and food industry. Cotton growing plays the key role.

Aghjabadi region

1,76

121,3

The basis of its economy is agriculture, light and food industry. It is one of the main cotton-growing regions of the Republic.

Aghstafa

region

1,50

80,0

The basis of its economy is agriculture, particularly viticulture, grain growing and cattle breeding.

Aghsu region

1,02

70,0

The basis of its economy is a diversified farming. Industrial enterprises mainly process agricultural products. Cotton growing, vitivulture and cattle-breeding were developed.

Astara region

0,62

95,9

The basis of its economy is the food industry (mainly dry velvet production) and agricultural production (tea, cereals, citrus fruits, vegetables etc).

Balakan region

0,92

89,5

The basis of its economy is a diversified farming. Grain cultivation, especially corn breeding, tobacco cultivation, fruit growing (mainly walnut) and dairy-beef breeding have been developed.

Beylagan region

1,13

86,3

The basis of its economy is cotton-growing, grain growing, viticulture and cattle breeding.

Barda region

0,96

142,1

The basis of its economy is agriculture, mainly cotton, grain, viticulture and cattle breeding.

Bilasuvar region

1,40

87,3

The basis of its economy is agriculture. Cotton growing, grain growing and cattle-breeding have been developed.

Jabrayil region

1,05

70,3

The basis of its economy is cattle-breeding, viticulture and sericulture. It was occupied by Armenians on August 23, 1993.

Jalilabad region

1,44

191,5

İt is Azerbaijan's breadbasket. Viticulture, cattle-breeding and vegetable growing are also important sectors of the economy.

Dashkasan region

1,05

32,8

The region is famous with cattle breeding, the production of cereals and potato cultivation. . Iron ore production is one of the main pillars of industry here. ''Dashkesan Iron Ore Dressing'' OJSC operates over here.

Devechi region

1,09

51,2

İts economy consists of agricultural sectors: the production of cereals, viticulture, vegetable growing and cattle breeding.

Fuzuli region

1,39

111,9

İts economy consists of agricultural sectors: the production of cereals, viticulture, vegetable growing and cattle breeding. There were agricultural processing enterprises in the region. On 23 August 1993, most of its territories are occupied by Armenians.

Gadabay region

1,29

93,6

The region specializes in following sectors of agriculture: mainly potato growing, cattle-breeding, grain growing and horticulture

Goranboy region

1,79

95,4

The basis of its economy is agriculture, especially grain and cotton.

Ganja city

0,11

313,0

The second largest city in the country, according to its population, is the third city in terms of industrial production, after Baku and Sumgayit. Most of the total volume of industrial products is accounted for non-ferrous metallurgy, light and food industries, electronics and applainces.

Goychay reg.

0,74

108,8

The basis of its economy is agriculture, cotton, grain, viticulture, cattle-breeding, barberry and fruit growing.

Göygöl region

1,03

57,0

The basis of its economy is agriculture,especially cattle-breeding, viticulture, vegetable growing, plant-growing.

Hajiqabul region

1,64

65,5

The basis of its economy is agriculture, including cattle-breeding, grain growing, cotton, horticulture and vegetable growing.

Khankandi region

1,05

55,0

It was advanced industrial center of the Republic. The light industry and the food industry were developed. There were electrical engineering, automobile repair and asphalt concrete plants, furniture factory, construction materials, industrial, manufacturing and educational production units. It is currently occupied by Armenians.

Khachmaz region

1,05

158,8

It is one of the largest livestock breeding zones in the country,which produces the largest vegetable, grain and fruit. Poultry and fishing have also been developed. Canned goods processing, grape processing plants, etc operate.

Khizi region

1,9

14,7

The basis of its economy is cattle-breeding and farming

Khojavand region

1,46

41,5

In its economy, viticulture, grain growing and cattle-breeding  played the important role. It was occupied by Armenians on October 2, 1992.

Khojali region

0,97

25,8

The basis of agriculture was grain growing, viticulture, vegetable growing and cattle breeding. There were construction materials enterprises,wine making plant, non-alcoholic, beverages factory, swine-breeding and cattle –breeding complexes, knitting and sewing factories. It was occupied by Armenians on Fberuary 26, 1992.

Imishli region

1,82

113,8

Cotton growing, cattle-breeding, grain growing are important sectors in the economy.

İsmayıllı rayonu

2,06

79,1

In the region, grain, cattle-breeding, vine-growing, fruits, tobacco, etc. areas have been developed. There are  carpet factory, wine, juice plants, meat and milk processing plants and enterprises.

Kalbajar region

3.05

77,6

Farming and cattle-breeding took a major place in the economy. It was occupied by Armenians in April 2, 1993.

Kurdamir region

1,63

103,8

The basis of its economy is agriculture, especially cotton growing and grain growing. Wine growing and cereals are also been developed.

Gakh region

1,49

53,1

The basis of its economy is agriculture, especially tobacco-cultivation and cattle-breeding.

Gzakh region

0,70

88,9

The basis of its economy is agriculture, especially grain growing, viticulture, vegetable-growing and cattle-breeding. Agricultural processing enterprises also operate.

Gabala region

1,55

93,8

The basis of its economy is cattle-breeding, grain growing, tobacco production, viticulture and cereal-growing. Agricultural processing enterprises operate.

Gobustan region

1,37

40,0

The basis of its economy consists of cereal-growing, cattle-breeding and viticulture.

Guba region

2,58

151,9

The region is famous for its fruit cultivation. Other major agricultural areas are grains and cattle-breeding. Cattle-breeding, fruit and vegetable products are processed in industrial enterprises.

Gubadli region

1,37

37,4

The economy was mainly specialized in grain-growing, viticulture, tobacco, cereals and cattle-breeding. There were agricultural processing enterprises. It was occupied by Armenians on August 31, 1993.

Gusar region

1,54

87,5

The basis of its economy is agriculture. Sheep-breeding, grain-growimng, fruit-growing have been widely developed. Agricultural production and carpet weaving enterprises operate

Lachin region

1,84

72,0

Cattle-breeding plays the key role in its economy. Grain growing and gardening were the sectors, widely developed. It was occupied by Armenians in 18 May, 1992.

Lankaran region

1,54

205,3

The food industry takes the main role in its economy. Tea factory, vegetable, fish canning plants are available. The basis of the agrarian sector is vegetable growing, tea making, viticulture, beekeeping, cattle-breeding.

Lerik region

1,08

74,3

The basis of its economy is tea-growing, vegetable, potato, tobacco and grain growing.

Masally

region

1,79

196,2

The basis of its economy is tea-growing, vegetable-growing, fish farming, viticulture and grain growing. Agricultural processing enterprises operate.

Mingachevir city

0,13

96,1

The basis of its economy is energy, mechanical engineering, chemical,light, food and construction industries.

Naftalan city

0,3

7,7

It is a resort town. There are 6 sanatoriums.

Neftçala region

1,45

79,4

Industry and agriculture. Petrochemical, fish and cotton processing and other enterprises. The leading fields in agriculture are cotton, vegetable growing, horticulture and fruit growing.

Oghuz region

1,22

40,2

The basis of its economy is agriculture, including livestock, plant growing, grain growing, tobacco and vegetable growing.

Saatlı region

1,18

92,3

The basis of its economy is cotton-growing, grain growing, gardening, vegetable growing, dry subtropical fruits and livestock. There are agricultural processing enterprises.

Sabirabad region

1,47

151,1

It is a large cotton-growing, animal husbandry, horticulture and vegetable growing region of the republic. There are poultry cleaning and other processing facilities.

Salyan region

1,79

121,4

The basis of agriculture is cotton, grain, vegetable and animal husbandry. There are agricultural processing enterprises. Dry subtropical fruit-growing and gardening are also important areas. Oil-gas production area, plastic mass processing, cotton-cleaning plants, etc. available.

Samukh region

1,45

53,4

The basis of its economy is viniculture, animal husbandry, grain growing, vegetable growing and fruits.

Siyazan region

0,70

37,6

The basis of its economy is the oil industry. In agriculture, viticulture, grain growing, poultry, livestock and vegetable growing are important places.

Sumgayit city

0,08

308,7

In the economy, chemical, petrochemical, light and food industries, machine-building, instrumentation, heating, construction products are the key ones.

Shamakhi region

1,61

91,4

The basis of its economy is the production of viticulture, grain growing, livestock and fruits and vegetables.

Shamkir region

1,66

190,4

The basis of its economy is the production of viticulture, grain growing, vegetable growing and livestock.

Shaki region

2,43

170,4

The basis of agriculture is grain, livestock, tobacco, viticulture and cereals. Sheki Silk Company, tobacco fermentation plant, meat and dairy plant and many others.

Shusha region

0,29

28,3

The basis of the economy was animal husbandry, vegetable growing and horticulture. On May 8, 1992 was occupied by Armenians.

Tartar region

0,96

98,1

The main sectors of the economy are cotton-growing, livestock breeding, grain-growing. Subtropical fruit pomegranate has grown more and more. There are also processing facilities.

Tovuz region

1,90

157,4

The basis of its economy is agriculture, viticulture, vegetable growing, dry subtropical fruit growing, gardening, horticulture, grain growing and livestock.

Ujar region

0,85

77,9

The basis of its economy is agriculture - cotton growing, grain growing, cattle breeding, barberry, dry subtropical fruit growing, viniculture and horticulture.

Yardımlı region

0,67

57,9

The basis of its economy is agriculture. Population is mainly engaged in grain growing, potato, tobacco, vegetable growing and sheep breeding.

Yevlakh region

1,54

117,4

Agrarian Industry. Agriculture mainly specializes in cotton growing, grain growing and livestock breeding. She is also engaged in poultry farming. There are agricultural processing enterprises, manufacturing and industrial complexes

Zaqatala region

1,35

117,9

Agriculture plays a special role in the economy. Grain-growing, tobacco-growing, fruit-growing (walnut), vegetable growing.There are food products combine, processing facilities, sewing and furniture factories.

Zangilan region

0,71

39,1

The basis of its economy was grain, tobacco, potato, fruit growing and gardening. There were processing facilities. It was occupied by Armenians on October 29, 1993.

Zardab region

0,86

52,4

Grain-growing, cotton-growing, cereals and livestock play a special role in the economy. There are agricultural processing enterprises.

Nakchivan Autonomous Republic

5,5

397,4

There are 6 regions in the Autonomous Republic - Sadarak, Ordubad, Julfa, Sharur, Babek, Shahbuz and 3 cities subordinated to republic (Nakhchivan, Julfa, Ordubad).

Nakchivan city

1,1

73,7

The capital of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic.

Babak region

0,13

71,4

The basis of its economy is agriculture, particularly dry subtropical fruit growing, vegetable growing and grain growing. There is a stone processing plant, a grape processing plant and other manufacturing facilities.

Julfa region

0,99

41,0

The basis of its economy is agriculture, viticulture and animal husbandry. There are grape processing plants and other businesses.

Ordubad region

0,86

45,0

The economy is diverse. There are a number of processing enterprises, affiliates of scientific and production associations.Fruit, vegetable growing, viniculture, horticulture, bee-keeping, cattle-breeding and livestock are the main places in agriculture.

Sadarak region

0,15

14,0

The basis of its economy is agriculture. The only industrial enterprise is a wine factory.

Kangarli region

0,68

27,5

 

Shahbuz region

0,81

22,7

The basis of the economy is animal husbandry and agriculture.

Sharur region

1,2

102,1

The basis of its economy is the production of viticulture, grain growing, tobacco production, sugar beet and vegetables.

Shirvan city

0,03

77,1

There are 17 industrial enterprises in the city, including in Europe, the largest open-type Shirvan DRES, iron and concrete productsç potteryç pipeç artificial leather factories and oil-gas production facilities.

 

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